纳米材料在清洁能源——氢气燃料电池与锂/钠电池中的应用

发布时间:2018-01-17发布部门:材料科学与工程学院

主题:   纳米材料在清洁能源——氢气燃料电池与锂/钠电池中的应用主讲人:   孙书会 教授地点:   材料学院C315时间:   2018-01-26 10:00:00组织单位:   材料科学与工程学院、纤维改性国家重点实验室

主讲人简介:

孙书会博士现为加拿大(魁北克)国立科学研究院-能源、材料研究所终身教授。孙博士长期致力于功能纳米材料(石墨烯、碳管、MOF、金属和金属氧化物纳米材料等)的开发及其在电化学能源转换和存储方面的应用,包括氢气燃料电池、锂/钠离子电池、金属-空气电池、光解水制氢、及水处理等方面的应用。与加拿大巴拉德动力系统,AFCC, 美国通用汽车,Toyota (日本丰田汽车)等公司均有合作。在EnergyEnvironmental Science (影响因子:29.51), MaterialsToday(影响因子:21.69), Adv. Mater. (影响因子:19.79), Adv. Energy Mater. (影响因子=16.72),Angew. Chem. Int.Ed., (影响因子:11.99),Nano Energy(影响因子:12.34), Adv. Funct. Mater. (影响因子=12.12)等国际期刊上发表论文100余篇。撰写书籍章节10章,主编书籍2部,拥有2个美国授权专利。

近年来先后荣获世界青年科学院Fellow (2017), 美国电化学会-丰田青年科学家Fellow(2017),国际纯粹与应用化学联合会 (IUPAC) 青年科学家(2017),国际电化学学会青年电化学家奖,加拿大总督学术金奖,安徽省自然科学一等奖等。担任国际电化学能源科学院(IAOEES) VicePresident兼理事。担任Electrochemical Energy Reviews (EER)执行主编,Nano Advances主编, Electrochimica Acta, International Journalof Hydrogen Energy,和Applied Energy的客座编辑及Frontiers in Energy Storage等国际期刊编委。


报告简介:

As clean andsustainable energy conversion devices, Hydrogen fuel cells (H2-FCs) areexpected to play dominant role in future clean energy solutions for variousapplications. However, the high cost of Pt catalyst is one of the mainobstacles for the wide-spread commercialization of PEMFCs. Therefore,developing highly efficient low-Pt and Pt-free catalysts are the key to solvethe above-mentioned challenges.

In this talk, Iwill present our recent progress in developing advanced electrocatalysts mainlyfor oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in H2-FCs. Among the non-precious-metal(NMP, Pt-free) catalysts, Fe/N/C catalysts are considered one of the mostpromising ORR catalysts. One major breakthrough has been made by Dodelet et al,with activity and performance of Fe/N/C catalyst approaching to that of Pt[1,2]. However, the durability of Fe/N/C catalysts is still insufficient forpractical applications and its performance decay mechanism is still unclear.Very recently, we made a systematic study to verify whether iron is at theorigin of the first rapid decay (stability problem) of the Fe/N/C catalyst forORR in PEMFCs, which is important to find better ways to improve the durabilityof Fe/N/C catalysts [3]. Moreover, other types of novel nanostructured NPMcatalysts will also be discussed [4-7]. At the same time, a series of low-Ptnanostructured electrocatalysts, synthesize by green chemistry and atomic layerdeposition (ALD), including nanowires, nanotubes and single atoms, for fuelcells will also be presented [8-12].

Both lithium-ion(LIB) and sodium-ion batteries (SIB) are promising technologies for energystorage. We developed a facile, inexpensive and scalable wet-chemical strategyto fabricate the Fe3O4/graphene composites and porous carbon spheres. Thenanocomposite shows dramatically enhanced electrochemical properties includingexcellent reversible capacity, cyclability and rate performance in LIBs andSIBs [13-15].

References

[1]Proietti, E.;Dodelet,J.P, et al. Nature Communications, 2011, 2, 416.

[2]Lefevre, M.; Proietti, E.; Jaouen, F.;Dodelet, J. P. Science 2009, 324, 71.

[3]Zhang, G.; Chenitz, R.; Lefèvre, M.; Sun, S.;Dodelet, J. P. Nano Energy, 2016, 29, 111.

[4]Li, J., Song, Y., Zhang, G., Liu, H., Wang,Y., Guo, X., Sun. S. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2017, 27, 1604356. Cover page.

[5]G. Zhang, Q. Wei, X. Yang, A. Tavares, S.Sun. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2017, 206, 115.

[6]Yao, Y., You, Y., Zhang, G., Liu, J., Sun,H., Zou, Z. Sun, S. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2016, 8, 6464.

[7]R. Chenitz, S. Sun, et al. EnergyEnvironmental Science, 2017.

[8]Sun, S.; Zhang, G.; Geng, D.; Chen, Y.; Li,R.; Cai, M.; Sun, X. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2011, 50, 422.

[9]Sun, S.; Jaouen, F.; Dodelet, J. Adv. Mater.,2008, 20, 3900.

[10]Sun, S.; Yang, D.; Villers, D.; Zhang, G.;Sacher, E.; Dodelet, J. Adv. Mater., 2008, 20, 571.

[11]Zhang, G.; Sun, S.; Cai, M.; Zhang, Y.; Li, R.;Sun, X. Scientific Reports, 2013, 3, 526.

[12]Sun, S. et al., Scientific Reports, 2013, 3,1775.

[13]Y.Fu, Sun, S et al., J. Mater. Chem. A, 2015 3, 13807.

[14]Y. Fu, Sun, S et al., RSC Advance. 2016, 6, 84149.

[15]Y. Fu, Sun, S et al., Adv. Energy. Mater. 2017.


视频:   摄影: 撰写:星禧  信息员:星禧  编辑:朱一超

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